14. Sumatran Elephant
The Sumatran elephant is one of three subspecies of the Asian elephant, and native to the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Sumatran elephants reach a shoulder height of between 2 – 3.2m, they have 20 pairs of ribs and weigh the same as an SUV, a massive 2,000 – 4,000kg!
13. South China Tiger
The South China tiger (also known as the Amoy, Chinese or Xiamen tiger) is a smaller subspecies of tiger that lives in the forests of southern China. It’s a strong and capable swimmer, often able to catch its prey when its in the water. Today the South China tiger is considered by scientists to be “functionally extinct,” as it has not been sighted in the wild for more than 25 years.
The Saola is found in the forests on the border of north-central Vietnam and Laos, often called the Asian unicorn. Little is known about the mysterious Saola as it was only discovered in 1992 and it’s one of the rarest, with estimated population numbers just in the tens of individuals!
Known for their distinctive red fur, orangutans are one of the largest primates in the world, spending most of their time in trees. They’ve evolved uniquely to live in the trees – their hands are both effective at grasping onto branches and their opposable thumbs give them almost human-like dexterity.
10. Mountain Gorilla
Funnily enough, mountain gorillas live in forests high up in the mountains, at elevations from 8,000 – 13,000 feet! You can find them in the volcanic mountains of Virunga in Central Africa and Ugandas Bwindi Impenetrable Forest.